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Meetings and Presentations

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When scholars want to share their ideas, they deliver talks, present posters, and discuss their results. This page will help you cite the different types of presentations, using the APA style guide (6th ed.).

Meetings and Presentations

Symposium Proceedings

A symposium is meeting where a number of scholars come together to discuss a particular topic. If they’re polite they’ll let the chair keep them from droning on too long. You can cite all the contributors or single out specific individuals.

Here’s the basic format:

Contributor, A. A., & Contributor, B. B. (Year, month). Title of contribution. In C. C. Chairperson (Chair), Symposium title. Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization X, Location.

And here’s an example:

Kushner, X., Spicer, K., & Scarface, B. K. (2017, January). The economic effect of the Magnitsky Act. In M. Kardashian (Chair), Conference on Russian-American Relations. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the Itinerant Economists Society, Thredbo, Australia.

Paper or Poster Presentation

If you’re citing a speech or poster, use the following format:

Presenter, A. A. (Year, month). Title. Paper or poster session presented at the meeting of Organization X, Location.

In practice, we get something like this:

Flokstra, Z. (2002, September). The benefits of spool knitting in environmental science classrooms. Poster session presented at the meeting of the Knitting Scientists Society, Chicago, IL.

As with symposia, make sure you give the month as part of the date (but not if the presentation has been published).


When select conference presentations are published, they are often bundled together as one document (called the conference proceedings). When you cite a presentation included in such a publication, follow the regular rules for citing an entry or chapter in a book:

Dalek, S., & Whu, Y. (2017). The crazy physics of the EmDrive thruster. In B. S. Gallblather (Ed.), The Future of Interstellar Travel (pp. 35-42). https://doi.org/10.5166/na35666sa-00

Instead of a DOI, you can provide a location and publisher (e.g., Goes, Netherlands: Backwater Press.). If the proceedings are published online and lack a DOI, you can provide a URL (e.g., Retrieved from URL).


To cite a presentation abstract that you’ve found online, just add the URL at the end of the citation:

Zizek, B. (2011, June). Teaching architecture with Lego. Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the International Lego Pedagogy Group, Boston, MA. Abstract retrieved from https://www.ilpg.org/studs/abstracts_2011.pdf


For more information about citing meetings and presentations, please see pp. 206-07 of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th ed.).