CMS Quick Guide

Introduction

Welcome to our quick guide for citing sources following the guidelines set out in the Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.). Scan the list for the type of citation you need and click on the link to find detailed instructions.

All Citations

Books

Book (basic format)
Book with multiple authors
Book with editor, translator, compiler
Book with author and editor, translator, or compiler
Book with other contributors
Book chapter
Chapter in a collection or anthology
Introduction, preface, or afterword
Multi-volume work
Reference Work
Online book
Bible
Dissertation

Periodicals

Article (basic format)
Online article
Forthcoming article
Article without continuous pagination
Article with access date
Special issue
Magazine
Review
Abstract

Online Sources

Entire website
Page of a website
Online article
Online book
Blog
Video on a website
Podcast
App
Comment
Social media
Social media comment 

Newspapers

Newspaper articles
Online newspaper article
Editorial
Letter or comment
Article with no author

Audio-visual Sources

Videos
TV series
Music recording
Presentation
Performance
Other audio files

Archival Research

Manuscript Collection

Interviews and Messages

Unpublished interview
Published interview
Personal message

 

APA Quick Guide

Introduction

Welcome to our quick guide for citing sources following the guidelines set out in the APA Style Guide (6th ed.). Scan the list for the type of citation you need. Then click on the link to find detailed instructions.

All Citations

Books

Book (basic format)
Print book
Print book read online
Electronic book
Edited multi-volume work
Edition with author and editor
Republished work
Translated work
Book chapter
Online reference work

Periodicals

Article (basic format)
Article in print
Article with DOI
Article without DOI
Article with more than 7 authors
Advance online publication
Publication in a preprint archive
Magazine article
Newspaper article
Monograph
Special issue or section
Article abstract

Meetings and Presentations

Symposium proceedings
Paper or poster presentation
Conference proceedings
Presentation abstract

Theses

Unpublished dissertation or thesis
Dissertation from the web
Abstract

Reviews

Book review (basic format)
Film review from a blog

Data Sets, Software, Tools

Basic format
Data set
Software

Audio-Visual Sources

Video
Podcast
TV series
Music recording
Photo

Other Online Sources

Blog post
Online video
Forum post

Archival Sources

Archival source (basic format)
Item in a repository
Multiple items from the same collection
Interview

 

MLA Quick Guide

Introduction

Welcome to our quick guide for citing sources following the guidelines set out in the MLA Handbook (8th ed.). Scan the list for the type of citation you need and click on the link to find detailed instructions.

All Citations

Books

Book (basic format)
Book with multiple authors
Book with no author
Book with editor
Book with author and editor
Book with other contributors
Essay collection or anthology
Book with introduction or afterword
Comic book
Reference work
Edition of a book
Multi-volume work
Book with original publication date
Book with city of publication
Bible 
Dissertation

Articles

Article (basic format)
Scholarly article
Scholarly article from a database
Special issue
Article in a book
Magazine article
Newspaper article
Review
Editorial or letter to the editor
Article with unusual page numbering

Electronic Sources

Entire website
Page of a website
Online article
E-book
Video on a website
Comment on a web page
Email

Other Sources

Film
TV show
Audio recording
Musical score
Podcast
Performance
Presentation
Interview